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Summary of related laws and regulations

National Biosafety Framework, 2005 and National Policy on Biosafety are guiding documents for biosafety regulations in Sri Lanka. The framework provides that provisions in the relevant legislations shall be applied by National Competent Authority (NCA) and Sectoral Competent Authorities (SCAs) to regulate Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Please click on each record below for more details.

No Name of Law Overview Responsible agency
1 Animal Diseases Act, No. 59, 1992 Control and prevention of contagious diseases in animals. Control of import and export of animals, animal products, veterinary drugs and veterinary biological products. Establishment of the Veterinary Drug Control Authority. Defines Veterinary Biological Product as including vaccines, sera, micro-organisms, whether living or dead, and their extracts or by-products intended for use in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of disease in animals. Department of Animal Production and Health, Ministry of Livestock and Rural Community Development
2 Animal Feed Act, No. 15, 1986 Regulate, supervise and control the manufacture, sale and distribution of animal feed including the issuance of a license, labelling, appointment of the Animal Feed Advisory Committee and continuous studies and reporting by the Committee. Department of Animal Production and Health, Ministry of Livestock and Rural Community Development
3 Animals Act, No. 29, 1958 Slaughter and removal of animals, trespassing animals, castration and breeding, regulation of transport. The animals addressed include ox, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig or poultry. of Animal Production and Health, Ministry of Livestock and Rural Community Development
4 Consumer Affairs Authority Act, 2003 Establishment of Consumer Affairs Authority. Protection of Consumers. Ministry of Trade, Commerce and Consumer Affairs
5 Control of Pesticides Act, No. 33, 1980 Licensing of Pesticides, regulating the import, packing, labelling, storage, formulation, transport, sale and use of Pesticides. Appointment of the Pesticides Formulary Committee Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture
6 Customs Ordinance, No. 2, 2003 Customs. Regulation of import and export, prohibitions and restrictions of import and export, warehousing of goods, smuggling seizures and prosecutions, onus probandi as to lawfulness of import or export etc. Sri Lanka Customs
7 Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance, No. 2, 1937 Protection of Fauna and Flora, import or import and release of mammal, bird, amphibian, fish, reptile, invertebrate etc., export of mammal, bird, amphibian, fish, coral or invertebrate. Department of Wildlife Conservation
8 Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Act, No. 2, 1996 Management, regulation, conservation and development of fisheries and aquatic resources. Prohibit or regulate the export and import of any species of fish including live fish, egg, roe or spawn. Department of Fisheries
9 Food Act, No.26 1980 Regulation of the manufacture, importation, sale, storage and distribution of food. Labelling, packaging, treating, processing, selling and advertising. Appointment of a Food Advisory Committee. Chief Food Authority and Food Authorities. Food Commissioner's Department
10 Food Control Act, 1950 Regulation and Control of the distribution, transport and supply of food. Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine
11 Forest Ordinance, 1907 Regulate the import and export of timber and forest produce. Forest Department
12 National Environmental Act, 1980 Protection, management and enhancement of the environment. The regulation, maintenance and control of the quality of the environment. The prevention, abatement and control of pollution. Central Environmental Authority
13 Plant Protection Act, No 35, 1999 Prevent the introduction into Sri Lanka and the spread of organisms harmful or destructive of plants and for the sanitation of plants. Department of Agriculture
14 Quarantine and Prevention of Diseases Ordinance, No. 12, 1952 Provisions for the prevention of the introduction of the plague and other contagious or infectious diseases into Sri Lanka and preventing their spread outside of the Country. Department of Agriculture/ Department of Animal Production and Health
15 Seed Act, No. 22, 2003 Regulate the quality of seed and planting material. Establish National Seed Council. Registration of seed handlers. Seed certification service. Department of Agriculture
16 Sri Lanka Accreditation Board for Conformity Assessment Act, No. 32, 2005 Establishment of Sri Lanka Accreditation Board for Conformity Assessment. Accreditation of laboratories and certification and inspection bodies. Sri Lanka Accreditation Board and Ministry of Science, Technology and Research
17 Science and Technology Development Act, No. 11, 1994 Development of science and technology, Establishment of the National Science and Technology Commission / National Science Foundation / Council for Information Technology of Sri Lanka / the Industrial Technology Institute / Arthur C. Clerk Institute for Modern Technologies. National Science Foundation
18 Water Hyacinth Ordinance, No. 09, 1909 Provisions to prevent the introduction into and dissemination in Sri Lanka of the Water Hyacinth. The Minister may by-order extend the provisions to any noxious weed or plant specified in the Order and to the seed or any part of such plant. Department of Agriculture

National Guidelines

No.1 Name of guideline Overview Responsible agency
1 National guidelines for the safe use of recombinant DNA technology in the laboratories, 2003 The National Science Foundation provides scientific and technical support for regulation of biotechnology research in the country. The guidelines include provision for setting up Institutional Biosafety Committees in the organizations engaged in biotechnology research. National Science Foundation (NSF)

IDDescription
14record(s) found
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Human and/or Animal Health, LMOs for direct use as food, Pharmaceuticals, Handling, transport, packaging and identification, LMOs for direct use as feed, LMOs for processing
Animal Diseases Act, No. 59 of 1992
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Handling, transport, packaging and identification, LMOs for direct use as feed
Animal Feed Act, No. 15 of 1986
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Human and/or Animal Health, Handling, transport, packaging and identification, Illegal transboundary movements
Animals Act, No. 29 of 1958
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Public awareness and participation, Handling, transport, packaging and identification
Consumer Affairs Authority Act, No 9 of 2003
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Capacity-Building, Public awareness and participation, Human and/or Animal Health, Competent National Authorities and National Focal Points, Information Sharing, Intentional introduction into the environment (AIA), Pesticides, Socio-economic considerations, Risk assessment and management, Handling, transport, packaging and identification, Illegal transboundary movements
Control of Pesticides Act, No. 33 of 1980
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
All functions pursuant to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
Draft National Biosafety Framework ( Developed under the UNEP-GEF Biosafety Project)
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Intentional introduction into the environment (AIA), Handling, transport, packaging and identification
Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance, No. 2 of 1937
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Competent National Authorities and National Focal Points, LMOs for direct use as food, LMOs for processing
Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Act No. 2 of 1996
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), LMOs for direct use as food, Handling, transport, packaging and identification, LMOs for direct use as feed, LMOs for processing
Food regulation No 1456/22, 2006
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Competent National Authorities and National Focal Points, Information Sharing
Intellectual Property Act, No. 36 of 2003
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
All functions pursuant to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
National Policy on Biosafety
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Capacity-Building, Public awareness and participation, Information Sharing, Risk assessment and management, Handling, transport, packaging and identification, Illegal transboundary movements
Plant Protection Act, No 35 of 1999
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Transboundary movement (import/export), Capacity-Building, Public awareness and participation, Quality of LMO seeds and planting materials, Handling, transport, packaging and identification
Seed Act, No. 22 of 2003
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther
Law, Regulation or Guideline
Sri Lanka
Water Hyacinth Ordinance, No. 09 of 1909
AnimalsPlantsFungiBacteriasVirusesOther

Related Laws and Regulations